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Automated gene sequencing

Automated DNA Sequencing

Large-scale DNA sequencing requires automated procedures based on fluorescence labeling of DNA and suitable detection systems. In general, a fluorescent label can be used...
Gene sequencing

Genome sequencing

Knowledge of the nucleotide sequence of a gene provides important information about its structure, function, and evolutionary relationship to other similar genes in the...
DNA Eukaryotic gene structure

Eukaryotic gene structure

Eukaryotic genes consist of coding and noncoding segments of DNA, called exons and introns, respectively.At first glance it seems to be an unnecessary burden...
A-DNA-B-DNA-Z-DNA

Alternative DNA Structures

Gene expression and transcription can be influenced by changes of DNA topology. However, this type of control of gene expression is relatively universal and...
Observation of Griffith

DNA as Carrier of Genetic Information

Although DNA was discovered in 1869 by Friedrich Miescher as a new, acidic, phosphorus containing substance made up of very large molecules that he...

Chemical bounds

Some Types of Chemical Bonds close to 99% of the weight of a living cell is composed of just four elements: carbon (C), hydrogen...
cell membrane

The Cell and Its Components

Cells are the smallest organized structural units able to maintain an individual, albeit limited, life span while carrying out a wide variety of functions....
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